Many states frame their border politics as a question of security from threats like trafficking, arms trade and terrorism to the arrival of “illegal immigrants”. Also, due to technological developments like drones, biometrics, virtual databases and automated systems, border control has become a lucrative emerging market for the arms and security industry. Both of these developments have implications for the humanitarian responses towards people in need, as they may link up with nationalistic actors´ calls for strengthened border controls. Concurrent with the militarization of many of the world´s borders, the number of people losing their lives trying to cross them has also increased manifold over the last decades. Security at the border is a part of larger developments around security and state formation in relation to policing a host of global, regional and local conflicts like for instance wars on drugs, crime and terror on the horn of Africa, in Latin America and Asia as well as in the Global North.
Martin Lemberg-Pedersen - Assistant Professor
Martin Lemberg-Pedersen has been working on European border control for a decade, with focus on EU and bilateral externalization practices and deportation politics. The latter has particularly attempts to construct deportation corridors for unaccompanied minors from EU to Afghanistan, while the former has focused on EU-Libya and EU-Turkey relations.
Marlene Spanger - Associate Professor
Marlene Spanger works on governmentality from below and above by researching how the subject are governed through the nexus of anti-trafficking, prostitution and migration policies or care and migration policies. From below she focuses on how the migrants navigate within the regime of migration as well as within the regime of the global labour market.
Anja Kublitz - Associate Professor
Anja Kublitz has for a decade studied security from the perspective of the securitized themselves; namely second generation immigrants from the Middle East who by the Danish state are targeted as radicals, gang members and/or foreign fighters. In her AAU talent program “Affective Events: An Anthropological Study of the Social formation of Danish Foreign Fighters” she studies the becoming of Danish jihadists.
Bjørn Møller - Associate Professor
Bjørn Møller has worked with how neither internal or external borders are facts of nature, but politically created—often as a result of wars. Moreover, borders are rarely fixed, but always up for negotiation and change—and they often create what Foucault called “heterotopias,” as is the main theme in “Refugees, Prisoners and Camps.” At sea borders are particularly “fluid,” a fact which pirates exploits and which hamper counter-piracy operations, as explained in the two articles on piracy.