The overarching goal of the modern refugee regime is to provide protection to individuals forced to flee their homes because countries are unwilling or unable to protect them. As international -, regional - and internal conflicts are the most frequent source of displacement, understanding the role of conflicts as well as the dynamics and what it produces; economically, politically and socially deems to be a central part of understanding issues concerning refugees and their situation. Conflict-prone areas produce not only displacement but also refugees in a historically unprecedented number. Conflicts are therefore a central area of interest in studying refugees and displaced people. Conflict should here be understood in its broadest sense ranging from violent armed conflicts such as; ethnic -, religious- and political conflicts to conflicts related to issues of oppression leading to displacement “based on the principle that human beings shall enjoy fundamental rights and freedoms without discrimination”. An additional aspect also related to the topic of conflict deals with violence. Why do people engage in violence and what is the effect of violence in terms of displacement and lost livelihood? Research on violence focusing on both perpetrators and victims are central themes dealt with within our team of researchers.
Steffen Jensen has worked on conflicts for most of his professional career. This includes focus on the relationship between gangs, police and vigilante groups, torture and ill-treatment, histories of victimhood and violent mobilization and radicalization. In 2017 he carried out new rounds of fieldwork in Manila (on the war on drugs, corruption and violence) and in Cape Town (on mobility, belonging and violence). Publications include: